The Wonderful Wizard of Oz , W. The contention that Oz is a cleverly crafted political parable reached its apogee in the erudite pages of the Journal of Political Economy. The malign manipulation of gold and silver by the wicked Witch represents the other half of the western menace: Weaver, the Populist presidential nominee in Frank Baum in South Dakota, The Annotated Wizard of Oz. A Parable for Populism.
This judgment would seem to be the final word on what is certainly one of the most fascinating literary puzzles of the twentieth century. Would not the Populists have done likewise if Bryan had defeated McKinley and, presumably, slain the trusts? Frank Baum’s Editorials on the Sioux Nation”. Some of these interpretations even contradict each other, and others invented political leanings for Baum. Dorothy, the protagonist of the story, represents an individualized ideal of the American people.
In his day he saw his son and his tribe gradually driven from their possessions: Proceeding down the road, the duo encounter littlefjeld Tin Woodman. The Annotated Wizard of Oz. In retrospect, the concerns that galvanized Populists to action in the s were not as clear cut as they seem at first glance.
South Dakota History The last two parallels recall the antiimperialism that Bryan and others championed.
So Was the Wizard of Oz an Allegory for Populism? | History News Network
This judgment would seem to be the final word on what is certainly one of the most fascinating literary puzzles of the twentieth century. Skip to main content. The Farmers Alliances created the Populist Party Political power is like witchcraft…some use the power for good, some for evil purposes. Dorothy, the protagonist of the story, represents an individualized ideal of the American people. Once healthy and productive, the Woodman was cursed by the wicked Witch wizrad the East, lost his dexterity, and accidentally hacked off his limbs.
His editorials for the Aberdeen Saturday Pioneer expressed support for Republican candidates and criticized the nascent Populist movement. What point was Baum trying to make?
Populism and the World of Oz | National Museum of American History
Each lost appendage was replaced with tin until the Woodman was made entirely of metal. The postmortem on the symbolic reading of Baum soon followed.
The references to gold and silver echo the prominence of monetary politics in the s, especially the bimetallic crusade led by Bryan and the Populists. She learns of her power in the end of the story. Most of the littlefielr imagery in Oz is general in nature and does not appear to indicate specific parallels. The political interpretations focus on the first three, and emphasize the close relationship between the visual images and the story line to the political interests of littlevield day.
I also believe that it was meant as a parable with a “moral” to teach. Yet the Monkeys are not inherently bad; they have become so only through an unnatural and evil force. US tariffs on foreign manufactured goods.
The twister that littefield Dorothy to Oz symbolizes the Populist cyclone that swept across Kansas in the early s.
Rockefeller “, the Scarecrow responds, “He’d lose six thousand dollars a minute if that happened. There was no Wizard…the people had the power all along…that is what America is all about.
What wonder that a fiery rage still burned within his breast and that he should seek every opportunity of obtaining vengeance upon his natural enemies.
Littlefield also indicated that Baum was sympathetic or the Populist movement, supported William Jennings Bryan in the election ofand, though not an activist, consistently voted for Democratic candidates.
Populism and the World of Oz
Retrieved November 9, Race to the Museum. McKinley of Ohio, for example, supported the Sherman Silver Purchase Act ofvoted for its repeal inand made the gold standard the cornerstone of his presidential bid.
When the Populist Party met in to decide whether or not to endorse William Jennings Bryan, many delegates, particularly from the South, were thsis. Indigenous peoples of the Americas.
The Wizard of Oz: A Parable for Populism?
If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. With Rockoff, the allegorical interpretation reached a peak of sophistication, yet its subsequent decline was no less precipitous than that of the Populist Party itself. By Peter LiebholdNovember 2,