Large packets from Congress, containing a new commission to Franklin, Lee, and me, as plenipotentiaries to the King of France, with our instructions and other papers had been left at my house, and waited my arrival. Jay, and two letters from the Convention of New York, of the 11th, with sundry papers inclosed, among which were the following resolutions. For this reason, they demolished the whole system of diocesan episcopacy; and, deriding, as all reasonable and impartial men must do, the ridiculous fancies of sanctified effluvia from Episcopal fingers, they established sacerdotal ordination on the foundation of the Bible and common sense. I have been particular in transcribing the proceedings of this day, November 25th, , because they contain the true origin and foundation of the American navy, and as I had at least as great a share in producing them as any man living or dead, they will show that my zeal and exertions afterwards in , and , and , at every hazard, and in opposition to a more powerful party than that against me in , was but a perseverance in the same principles, systems, and views of the public interest. Let them all become attentive to the grounds and principles of government, ecclesiastical and civil. The state of the country so obviously called for independent governments, and a total extinction of the royal authority, and we were so earnestly urging this measure Edition: The ship is furnished with no pistols, which she ought to be, with at least as many as there are officers, because there is nothing but the dread of a pistol will keep many of the men to their quarters in time of action.

You have all the topics so ready, that you must satisfy the gentlemen from New Jersey. Morton in the chair. John Rutledge united with me and others, in persuading the committee to report this resolution, and the distance of Carolina made it convenient to furnish them with this discretionary recommendation, I doubt whether Mr. It is said there are lawyers in the United States who receive five thousand guineas a year, and many are named who are said to receive to the amount of ten thousand dollars. This disposition has been the great wheel and the mainspring in the American machine of court politics.

At one time and another all the arguments for it and against it had been exhausted, and were become familiar.

a dissertation on the canon and feudal law 1765

This was another measure that I constantly urged on with all the zeal and industry possible, convinced that nothing short of the Roman and British discipline could possibly save us. It was not religion alone, as is commonly supposed; but it was a love of universal liberty, and a hatred, a dread, a horror, of the infernal confederacy before described, that projected, tje, and accomplished the settlement of America.

a dissertation on the canon and feudal law 1765

Stark, and the other from Monsieur Devourouy, were read, and referred to the board of war. With this record the Diary has been compared, and such extracts from it as tend to illustrate the text have been placed in the Notes. Experience and skill might have been deficient in several particulars; but where could we find greater experience or skill?


Gerry, at Yorktown, came out of the house of Mr. Sullivan was fully agreed with me in the necessity of instituting governments, and he seconded me very handsomely in supporting the argument in Congress.

Our powder, cartridges, and balls, were placed by the guns, and every thing ready to begin the action.

The encroachments upon liberty in the reigns of the first James and the first Charles, by turning the general attention of learned men to government, are said to have produced the greatest number of consummate statesmen which has ever been seen in any xanon or nation.

And if the public interest, liberty, and happiness have been in danger from the ambition or avarice of any great man, whatever may be his politeness, address, learning, ingenuity, and, in other respects, integrity and humanity, you have done yourselves honor and your country service by publishing and pointing out that avarice and ambition. Harrison reported sundry resolutions. On this day Mr.

That it was a sense of duty, and a full conviction of an honest cause, and not any motives of ambition, or hopes of honor, or profit, which had drawn me into my present course.

A Dissertation on the Canon and Feudal Law – Teaching American History

Kings, and a few of their great counselors and captains, exercised a cruel tyranny over the people, who cannon a rank in the scale of intelligence, in those days, but little higher than the camels and elephants that carried them and their engines to war.

I answered him, that I had. That I believed too many commercial projects and private speculations were in contemplation by the composition of those committees, but even these had not contributed so much to it, as the great division in the house on the subject of independence and the mode of carrying on the war.

Franklin may, if he thinks proper, return an answer to the letter he received from Lord Howe.

Deane, who had been left out of the delegation by the State, but diszertation of returning home to Connecticut, remained in Philadelphia soliciting an appointment under the two foregoing committees, as an agent of theirs, first in the West Indies, and then in France. John Adams and Mr.

John Adams

This dread of representation has had for a long time, in this province, effects very similar 1756 what the physicians call a hydrophobia, or dread of water.

Her dearest interests would be involved in the relations she might form with foreign nations.

a dissertation on the canon and feudal law 1765

The taverns were so full we could with difficulty obtain entertainment. Nothing suffered to transpire, no opportunity to consult constituents; no room for advice or criticisms in pamphlets, an, or private conversation. Large packets from Congress, containing a new commission to Franklin, Lee, and me, as plenipotentiaries to the King of France, with our instructions and other papers had been left at my house, and waited my arrival.


II. Draft of “A Dissertation on the Canon and the Feudal Law”, August

Ward reported that the committee, not having come to a conclusion, desired leave to sit again; granted. This resolution and order was indeed assuming the powers of government in a manner as offensive as the measures we proposed could have been; but it left all the powers of government in the hands of Assemblies, Conventions, and Committees, which composed a scene of much confusion and injustice, the continuance of which was much dreaded by me, as tending to injure the morals of the people, and destroy their habits of order and attachment to regular government.

Although the system had been so long pursued to postpone all the great political questions, and take up any other business of however trifling consequence, yet we were daily urging on the order of the day, and on this day we succeeded.

On Tuesday, February 20th, and on Wednesday, February 21st, means were contrived to elude the committee of the whole House. Let us take it for granted, that the same great spirit which once gave Cesar so warm a reception, which denounced hostilities against John till Magna Charta was signed, which severed the head of Charles the First from his body, and drove James the Second from his kingdom, the same great spirit may heaven preserve it till the earth shall be no more which first seated the great grandfather of his present most gracious majesty on the throne of Britain, — is still alive and active and warm in England; and that the same spirit in America, instead of provoking the inhabitants of that country, will endear us to them for ever, and secure their good-will.

A Dissertation on the Canon and Federal Law

Within a day or two after the appointment in Congress of Edition: It was, however, represented as the most wild, visionary, mad project that ever had been imagined. He was the father of John Quincy Adams.

It being, therefore, necessary to provide for their defence and security, and justifiable to make reprisals upon their enemies, and otherwise to annoy them, according to the laws and usages of nations, the Congress, trusting that such of their friends in Great Britain, of whom it is confessed there are many entitled to applause and gratitude for their patriotism and benevolence, and in whose favor a discrimination of property cannot be made, as shall suffer by captures, will impute it to the authors of our common calamities, do declare and resolve as followeth, to wit: These were new, strange, and terrible doctrines to the greatest part of the members, but not a very small number heard them with apparent pleasure, and none more than Mr.